تبلیغات
☼امام رضا علیه السلام☼ - Forty Sayings of Imam Reza (A.S.)
☼امام رضا علیه السلام☼
رهبر معظم انقلاب
بیانات در حرم مطهر رضوی1394/01/01 کسانی که مصرف‌کننده هستند – که همه‌ی ملّت ما در واقع مصرف‌کننده‌اند – محصولات داخلی را مصرف کنند که من روی این بارها و بارها تکیه کردم و امروز هم عرض میکنم و تکیه میکنم. ‌همه سعی بکنند محصولات داخلی را مصرف بکنند، کارگر ایرانی را حمایت بکنند، کارگاه تولیدی داخلی را با مصرف کردن [محصول] آن رونق بدهند.

Forty Sayings of Imam Reza (A.S.)

Compiled by: Shaykh Mohammad Ishtihardi
The Tenth Infallible: Imam Ridha’ (as)
Name: Ali Ibn Musa (as)
Renowned Title: Ridha’
Father and Mother: Imam Musa Ibn Ja’far (as) and Najma (as)
Time & Place of Birth: 11th of Zilqaad year 148 Hijrah, in Medina.
Time & Place of Martyrdom: End of Safar, 203 Hijrah at the age of 55 Years was martyred through poisoning of mamoon (Abbassade caliph) in Sana bad nauqan (a Mohallah today & site at Mashad Muqadas, (Islamic Republic of Iran.)
Shrine: Mashad Muqaddas.
Life duration: in three segments.
1. before Imamate (35 Years), From 148 to 183 Hijrah.
2. after Imamate, 17 Years Residence in Medina.
3. And Three Years in Khorasan, the most Sensitive part of his political life was in this period.
He had only a single son Imam Jawad Who was seven years of age at the time of his martyrdom.

Forty Traditions from Imam Ridha’ (as)
اربعون حدیثا
عن الامام علی الرضا علیه السلام

1. He who compares & likens Allah to his creations is a polytheist & the one who attributes something which has been forbidden for him is an infidel. 1
1-

مَن شَبَّةَ اللهَ بِخَلقِهِ فَهُو مُشرِکٌ، وَمَن نَسَبَ اِلَیهِ ما نَهی عَنهُ فَهُوَ کافِرٌ
. (وسائل الشیعة ج18 ص557)
2. Faith is to one grade superior & sublime to Islam & piety is one degree superior to faith & certitude & certainty is one step superior to faith & nothing more elegant & excellent than certitude has been bestowed upon the sons of Adam (as) 2
2-
إِنَّ الایمانَ أَفضَلُ مِنَ الإِسلامَ بِدَرَجَةٍ،وَالتَّقوی أَفضَلُ مِنَ الإیمانِ بِدَرَجَةٍ، وَالیَقِینَ أَفضَلُ مِنَ الإیمانِ بِدَرَجَةٍ وَلَم یُعطَ بَنُو آدَمَ أَفضَلَ مِنَ الیَقِینِ
. (بحارالانوار ج78 ص338)
3. Faith has four pillars: Trusting & relying upon Allah, & contentment & pleasure with the divine will, & submittance to the ordain & ordinance of Allah, & delegation & turning over (the affairs) to Allah. i.e. (Total submission & reassignment to Allah). 3
3-
اَلإیِمانُ اَربَعَةُ اَرکانٍ: اَلتَّوَکُّلُ عَلی اللهِ.وَالرِّضا بِقَضاءِ اللهِ، وَالتَّسلِیمُ لأَِمرِاللهِ، وَالتَّفوِیضُ إِلی اللهِ
. (بحارالانوار ج78 ص338)
4. And faith means performing & discharging the obligatory duties & avoiding the committing of forbidden acts & faith, is the recognition & knowing (Allah) through the heart & admitting & confessing through the tongue & practicing through the parts of body (Physically). 4
4-
وَالإِیمانُ اَداءُ الفَرائِضِ وَاجتِنابُ المَحارِمِ. وَالإِمانُ هُوَ مَعَرِفَةٌ بِالقَلبِ وَإقرارٌ باللِّسانِ وَعَمَلٌ بِالأرکانِ
. (تحف العقول ص442)
5. One day Imam Ridha’ (as) mentioned Quran & so he described the magnanimity & glory of it's authority & it's miracles saying, That is the firm cable of Allah & firmest handhold & the ideal & model path, it guides & leads toward paradise & is the savior from the fire (of Hell). It does not corrode & wear out by the passage & flow of time. Moreover, it's continuous repetition & recitation through the tongue does not devalue & depreciate it. Since, it is not made to exist for a certain age & period apart from other ages & periods. Instead, it has been made a proof & logic for all human beings. Falsehood does nether find passage in the front & afore of it nor from it's back side. It has been descended (revealed) by Allah, the all wise, all praise worthy. 5
5-
ذَکَر الرَّضا (ع) یَوماً القُرآنَ فَعَظَّمَ الحُجَّةَ فیهِ وَالآیَةَ المُعجِزَةَ فی نَظمِهِ، فَقالَ: هوَحَبلُ اللهِ المَتینُ، وَعُروَتُهُ الوُثقی،وَطریقَتُهُ المُثلی، المُؤَدِّی اِلَی الجَنَّةِ، وَالمُنجِی مِنَ النّارِ ،لایخلق مِنَ الأَزمِنَةِ،وَلا یَغثّ عَلی الأَلسِنَةِ، لاَِنَّهُ لَم یُجعَل لِزَمانٍ دُونَ زَمانٍ،بَل جُعِلَ دَلیلَ البُرهانِ،وَحُجَّةً عَلی کُلِّ اِنسانٍ، لا یَأتِیهِ الباطِلُ مِن بَینِ یَدَیهِ، وَلا مِن خَلفِهِ تَنزیلٌ مِن حَکیمٍ حَمیدٍ
. (بحارالانوار ج92 ص14)
6. Rayyan says I said to Imam Ridha’ (as), what do you say about Quran?' So he replied ', It is the speech of Allah, do not exceed & move ahead of it & do not seek guidance from other than it. Otherwise, you would go astray.' 6
6-
قُلتُ لِلرِّضا عَلَیهِ السَّلامُ:ما تَقُولُ فی القُرآنِ؟فَقالَ کَلامُ اللهِ لا تَتَجاوَزُوهُ،وَلا تَطلُبُوا الهُدی فی غَیرِهِ فَتَضِلوُّا.
(بحارالانوار ج92 ص117)
7. 'Indeed Imamate is the rein of religion & the system of Muslims & the righteousness & welfare of the world & the honor & glory of faithful’s. Verily, Imamate is the growing & ongoing root of Islam & its elevated & sublime branch. Services, alms, fasting, Hajj & Jihad (the holy war) attain completion & perfection & the booty (tributes) & alms gets plentiful & abundant, & the Allah's bounds, sanctions, & ordinances get executed, & the frontiers & boundaries (of Islamic lands) get safe & secure, through Imam. 7
7-
اِنَّ الاِمامَةَ زِمامُ الدّینِ، وَنِظامُ المُسلِمینَ ،وَصَلاحُ الدّنیا، وَعِزُّالمُؤمِنِین، اِنَّ الإمامَةَ اُسُّ الاِسلامِ النّامِی،وَفَرعُهُ السّامِی،بِالاِمامِ تَمامُ الصَّلاةِ وَالزَّکوةِ وَالصِّیامِ وَالحَجَّ وَالجِهادِ،وَ تَوفیرُ الفَیءِ،وَالصَّدَقاتِ،وَاِمضاءُ الحُدودِ وَالأحکامِ، وَمَنعُ الثُّغُورِ وَالأَطرافِ
. (اصول الکافی ج1ص200)
8. about the workers & officials of sultan (king, ruler). Becoming a part of the officials of them & providing of help & assistance to them & putting in endeavor to fulfill their needs & requirements is the equivalent to infidelity. And looking intentionally & purposely at them is one of the great sins which deems one fit to deserve the hell fire. 8
8-
... فی اَعمالِ السُّلطانِ»...: اَلدُّخُولُ فی اَعمالِهِم، وَالعَونُ لَهُم وَالسَّعیُ فی حَوائِجِهِم عَدیلُ الکُفرِ،وَالنَّظَرُ اِلَیهِم عَلی العَمدِ مِنَ الکَبائِر الَّتی یُستَحَقُّ بِهِ[بِهَا]النّارُ
. (بحار الانوار ج75 ص374)
9. Allah may take pity & be merciful to the servant who resurrects & revives our affair so I said ', and how is it that your affair gets revived?' He responded ', by learning our know ledges & teaching them to the people.'9
1. The slightest thing or contact is looking intentionally at a person, even this is one or the great sins not to talk about helping the tyrants practically. So, those Muslims who strengthen & solidify the foundations or their aggression & tyranny & make their abode in the hell, must as per this tradition avoid such activities.
9-
رَحِمَ اللهُ عَبداً أَحیَاء اَمرَنا (قُلتُ): وَکَیفَ یُحیی اَمرَکُم؟ قالَ:یَتَعَّلَمُ عُلُومَنا وَیُعَلِّمُها النّاسَ
. (وسائل الشیعه ج18 ص102)
10. A faithful will not become (real) faithful till such time he acquires three qualities: A way of Allah's treatment (sunnan Allah) a prophet's rule & a rule of his saint. However, the Allah's treatment is the concealing of his secret. Allah said
عالم الغیب... فلا یظهر علی غیبه احدأ الا من ارتضی من رسول
.
The knower of the unseen! So he does not reveal his secret to any. Except to him whom he chooses as an apostle.' Moreover, the Sunnah & rule of the Prophet (S) is conciliation with the people. So Allah commanded the Prophet (S) to conciliate with the masses saying.
خذا العفو وامر بالمعروف

Take to forgiveness & enjoin good.' Never the less, the rule of his saint is 'Exercising patience & endurance in (the times of) adversities poverty & apprehensions.' 10
10-
لا یَکُونُ المُؤمِنُ مُؤمِناً حَتّی یَکُونَ فیهِ ثَلاثُ خِصالٍ: سُنَّةٌ مِن رَبِّهِ وَسُنَّةٌ مِن نَبِیّهِ، وَسُنَّةٌ مِن وَلِیِّهِ فَأمَّا السُّنَّةُ مِن رَبِّهِ فَکِتمانُ سِرِّهِ، قالَ اللهُ عَزَّوَجَلَّ ( ( عالِمُ الغَیبِ فَلا یُظهِرُ عَلی غَیبِهِ أَحَداً* اِلاّ مَنِ ارتَضی مِن رَسُولٍ)) وَاَمَّا السُّنَّةُ مِن نَبِیِّهِ فَمُداراةُ النّاسِ فَإِنَّ اللهَ عَزَّوَجَلَّ أَمرَ نَبِیَّهُ صَلَّی اللهُ عَلَیهِ وَالِهِ بِمُداراة النّاسِ، فَقالَ: (خُذِ العَفوَ وَأمُر بِالعُرفِ)) وَأَمَّا السُّنَّةُ مِن وَلِیِّهِ فَالصَّبرُ فِی البَأساءِ وَالضَّرَّاءِ
. (اصول الکافی ج2 ص241)
11. The intellect of a Muslim man does not mature & complete till he has ten qualities: 1. Benevolence & benefaction be expected & hoped from him. 2. And people be secure & peaceful from his evil doing. 3. He considers the small amount of benefaction from others as abundant & plentiful. 4. And takes plenty of his own benevolence & goodness to be a meagre amount of it. 5. He does not get tired & exhausted by the demands & requirement asked to be fulfilled. 6. He does not get fatigued & restless from seeking knowledge for all the length of his life. 7. He loves poverty more than the plentifulness & affluence, on the course of Allah. 8. And he loves disgrace & abjectness on the way of Allah more than the honour on the course of His enemy. 9. And anonymity is more liked by him than fame.
Then he (S) said. ', The tenth one & what is the tenth? The person asked him (S) what that is?' lmam (as) reflected ', He does not see a person but that he says 'He is better & more pious than myself.' 11
11-
لا یَتِمُّ عَقلُ امرِئ مُسلِمٍ حَتّی تَکُونَ فیهِ عَشرُخِصالٍ:أَلخَیرُ مِنهُ مَأمُولٌ وَالشَّرُّمِنهُ مَأمُونٌ،یَستَکثِرُ قَلیلَ الخَیرِمِن غَیرِهِ، وَیَستَقِلُّ کَثیرَ الخَیرِ مِن نَفسِهِ، لا یَسأَمُ مِن طَلَبِ الحَوائِج إِلَیهِ، وَلایَملُّ مِن طَلَبِ العِلمِ طُولَ دَهرِهِ، اَلفَقرُ فِی اللهِ اَحَبُّ اِلَیهِ مِنَ الغِنی، وَالذُّلُّ فِی اللهِ اَحَبُّ اِلَیهِ مِنَ العِزِّ فی عَدُوَّهِ، وَالخُمُولُ أَشهی اِلَیهِ مِنَ الشُّهرَةِ، ثُمَّ قالَ علیه السلام: اَلعاشِرَةُ،قیلَ لَهُ:ماهِیَ؟قالَ علیه السلام: لا یری اَحَداً اِلاّ قالَ:هُوَ خَیرٌ مِنّیِ وَاَتقی
. (بحارالانوار ج78 ص336)
12. He who takes himself to account gets benefitted & the one who gets negligent & careless about himself bears loss. And the one who fears (AlIah) becomes peaceful. And that one who takes lesson becomes most clear sighted & discerning. And he who becomes most clear sighted understands & he who understands & comprehends becomes knowledgeable & informed. 12
12-
مَن حاسَبَ نَفسَهُ رَبِحَ، وَمَن غَفَلَ عَنها خَسِرَ،وَمَن خافَ أَمِنَ،وَمَن اعتَبَرَ أَبصَرَ وَمَن أبصَرَفَهِمَ، وَمِن فَهِمَ عَلِمَ
. (بحارالانوار ج78 ص352)
13. A person asked Imam Ridha’ (as) ', who are the best of servants?'
So he responded ',Those men that when they perform good deed they become glad & when they perform a bad deed they ask the forgiveness (of Allah) & when they are granted they thank (for it). And while they get afflicted & grieved they exercise patience. And when they get enraged & angry they forgive. (Overlook. other faults). 13
13-
وسُئِلَ عَن خِیارِ العِبادِ،فَقالَ (ع): اَلَّذیِنَ اِذا اَحسَنُوا استَبشَرُوا وَاِذا آساء وا استَغفَرُوا: وَاِذَا أُعطُوا شَکَرُوا،وَاِذا بتُلُوا صَبَرُوا، وَاِذا غَضِبُوا عَفوا
. (تحف العقول ص445)
14. And avoiding the cardinal & grave sins & these are murdering & killing the soul that Allah has forbidden And committing adultery, & stealing & drinking (wine) & opposing (annoying) the parents, & running away fleeing the battle front (in Jihad). & misappropriating & eating the wealth of orphan oppressively & excessively, & eating the carrion (flesh of dead creature) & drinking blood & taking meat of pig (pork) & unnecessarily eating the meat of animals which are slaughtered without Allah's name being taken at the time of slaughtering them.
And eating (taking) interest after the clear cut ordain & the illicit & forbidden (wealth), & the arrow shuffling & gambling, & diminishing reducing in measures & weights & accusing the chaste (virtuous) women & sodomy & giving of false witness & disappointment with the commiseration of Allah & considering oneself safe from the plan of Allah. (Fearlessness from Allah's plan) & dismay from the blessing & commiseration of Allah & helping & assisting the aggressors & tyrants & reliance & trust upon them. And I taking false oath & retention of rights without being hard up & telling lie. And pride & arrogance & spending lavishly & wasting & squandering (of resources) & dishonesty & depreciating & belittling Hajj & combating & standing up against the saints of Allah. And involvement & remaining busy with diversion & play (sensuality & libidinous pleasures) and insisting upon committing sins. 14
14-
... وَاجتِنابُ الکَبائِرِ وَهِیَ قَتلُ النَّفسِ الَّتی حَرَّمَ اللهُ تَعالی. وَالزِّنا وَالسَّرِقَةُ وَشُربُ الخَمرِ، وَعُقُوقُ الوالِدَینِ، وَالفَرارُ مِن الزَّحفِ وَأَکلُ مالِ الیَتِیمِ ظُلماً، وَأکلُ المَیتِهِ وَالدَّمِ وَلَحمِ الخِنزیرِ وَما أُهِلَّ لِغَیرِ اللهِ بِهِ مِن غَیرِ ضَرُورَةٍ، وَأکلُ الرِّبوا بَعدَ البَیِّنَةِ، وَالسُّحت، وَالمَیسِرُ وَالقِمارُ، وَالبَخسُ فِی المِکیالِ وَالمیزانِ، وَقَذفُ المُحصَناتِ وَالّلِواطُ، وَشَهادَةُ الزُّورِ وَالیَأسُ مِن رَوح اللهِ ،وَالأَمنُ مِن مَکرِ اللهِ وَالقُنوُطُ مِن رَحمَةِ اللهِ وَمَعُونَةُ الظّالِمینَ وَالرُّکُونُ إِلَیهِم وَالیَمینُ الغَموسُ وَحَبسُ الحُقُوقِ مِن غَیرِ العُسرَةِ، وَالکَذِبُ وَالکِبرُ وَالإسرافُ والتَّبذِیرُ،وَالخِیانَةُ، وَالإستِخافُ بِالحَجِّ، وَالمُحارَبَةُ لأَِولِیاءِ اللهِ تَعالی وَالإشتِغالُ بِالمَلاهی، وَالإِصرارُ عَلی الذُّنُوبِ
. (عیون الخبار الرضا (ع) ج2 ص127)
15. There are some grades of self-conceit. One among them is that the evil acts of a servant gets decorated to him & he takes them for good deeds & boasts & gluts about them & considers them as nice acts performed by him. And one of them is that a servant acquires faith & belief upon Allah & then boasts of a favor conferred upon Allah, whereas, Allah has done him a favor in it. 15
15-
لِلعُجبِ دَرَجاتٌ: مِنها أَن یُزَیَّنَ لِلعَبدِ سُوءُ عَمَلِهِ فَیَراهُ حَسَناً فَیُعجِبُهُ وَیَحسِبُ أَنه یُحسِنُ صُنعاً. وَمِنها أَن یُؤمِنَ العَبدُ بِرَبِّهِ فَیَمُّنَ عَلی اللهِ وَلِلّهِ المِنَّةُُ عَلَیه فیه
. (بحارالانوار ج78 ص336)
16. Had Allah not frightened people by paradise & hell even then it would have been obligatory for them to obey Him & not commit His disobedience because of His favors & kindnesses upon them. And His granting them the beneficence’s to start with, without any of their rights.
16-
لَو لَم یَخُوِّفِ اللهُ النّاسَ بِجَنَّةٍ وَنارٍ لَکانَ الواجِبُ عَلَیهِم اَن یُطِیعُوهُ وَلا یَعصُوهُ لِتَفضُّلِهِ عَلَیهِم وَاِحسانِهِ اِلَیهِم، وَما بَدَأهُم بِهِ مِن انعامِهِ الذی ما استَحَقُّوهُ
. (بحارالانوار ج71 ص174)
17. If it is asked why people were ordered to fast? It would be answered so that they may know the trouble of hunger & thirst & thus get the idea about the poverty (hunger and thirst) of the Hereafter. And the fast keeper may get humbled, belittled, humiliated, destitute, indigent (More over) they may get the reward of Allah & be patient & forbearing in the wake of the (trouble) they face from hunger & thirst with knowing of Allah & sincerity. So fasting will be the cause of their getting reward. Moreover, this will bring about the control of lustful desires and become the admonition in this world.
And make them submit to the performance & offering of what has been made obligatory for them & guides them to (the affairs of) Here after.
None the less, they by keeping fast do understand & comprehend the severances & extremity & the amount of hardships & miseries that the poor & afflicted ones have to bear in this world. So they give away the obligatory amounts which Allah has made obligation for them to payout of their wealth. 16
17-
فَاِن قالَ ظِمَ اُمِرُوابِالصَّوم؟ قیلَ:لِکَی یَعرِفُوا اَلَمَ الجُوع وَالعَطش،فَیَستَدِلُّوا عَلی فَقرِ الاخِرَةِ،وَلیَکُونَ الصّائِمُ خاشِعاً،ذَلِیلاً مُستکینا مَأجُوراً مُحتَسِباً عارِفاً صابِراً لِما اَصابَهُ مِنَ الجُوعِ وَالعَطَشِ، فَیَستَوجِبُ الثَّوابَ.مَعَ ما فیهِ مِن الإکِسارِ عَن الشَّهَواتِ،وَلِیَکُونَ ذلِکَ واعِظاً لَهُم فی العاجِلِ وَرائِضاً لَهُم عَلَی اَداءِ کَلَّفَهُم وَدَلیلاً فی الآجِلِ،وَلِیَعرِفُوا شِدَّةَ مَبلَغِ ذلِکَ عَلی اَهلِ الفَقرِ وَالمَسکَنَةِ فی الدُّنیا،فَیُؤدُّوا اِلَیهِم ما اَفتَرَضَ اللهُ تَعالَی لَهُم فِی اَموالِهِم...
(بحارالانوار ج96 ص370)
18. The Jamat prayers (the collective & assembly prayers) have only been made so that the sincerity, oneness of Allah & the adoring & worshipping of Allah gets obvious, known, apparent & common. Because, the show of it will complete the proof of the oneness of Allah to the people of East & west. And will make the hypocrite & the one who has disrespecting attitude, humble & respectful to something which is the cause of admitting & acknowledging the apparent of Islam & the submission to it. And to the effect that the witnesses of people upon the Islam (being Muslim) of each other becomes lawful & possible. Moreover, it becomes the (cause of) cooperation & co. working of them upon good acts & piety & their taking distance from plenty number of evil acts forbidden by Allah. 17
18-
اِنَّما جُعِلَتِ الجَماعَةُ لِئَلاّیَکُونَ الاِخلاصُ وَالتَّوحیِدُ وَالاِسلامُ وَالعِبادَةُ لِلّهِ اِلاّ ظاهِراً مَکشُوفاً مَشهُوراً.لِأَنَّ فِی اِظهارِهِ حُجَةً عَلی اَهلِ الشَّرقِ وَالغَربِ لِلّهِ وَحدَهُ. وَلِیَکُونَ المُنافِقُ وَالمُستَخِفُّ مُؤَدَّیاً لِما اَقَرَّبهِ بِظاهِرِ الاِسلامِ وَالمُراقَبَةِ وَلِتَکُونَ شَهادَاتُ الناسِ بِالاِسلام بَعضِهِم لِبَعضٍ جائِزَةً مُمکِنَهً،مَعَ ما فِیهِ مِنَ المُساعدَةِ عَلی البِرَّوَا التَّقوی، وَالزَّجرِ عَن کَثیرٍ مِن مَعاصی اللهِ عَزَّوَجَلَّ
. (عیون الخبارالرضا ج2 ص109)الحیاة ج1 ص233
19. Indeed Allah has commanded three things (in Quran) which are in proximate with three others. He ordered the prayers & alms. So the one who offers prayer & does not pay alms, his service is not accepted from him.
And He ordered His thanks giving with that of the parents. So the one who does not thank his parent has not thanked Allah. And He commanded fear of Allah & connecting with the kinship. So the one who does not connect with the blood relations is not afraid of Allah. 18
19-
إِنَّ اللهَ عَزَّوَجَلَّ أَمَرَ بِثَلاثَةٍ مَقرُونٍ بِها ثَلاثَةٌ اُخری،أَمَرَ بِالصَّلاةِ وَالزّکوةِ، فَمَن صَلّی وَلَم یُزَّکِ لَم یَقبَل مِنهُ صَلوتهُ،وَأَمَرَ بِالشُّکرِلَهُ وَلِلوالِدَینِ، فَمَن لَم یَشکُروالِدَیهِ لم یَشکُرالله،وَ أَمرَ بِاِتِّقاءِ اللهِ وَصِلَةِ الرَّحِمِ فَمَن لَم یَصِل رَحِمَهُ لَم یَتّقِ اللهَ عَزَّوَجَلَّ
. (عیون الخبارالرضا (ع) ج1 ص258)
20. Do not let the good deeds & Ijtehad & endeavor in worship go, depending & trusting upon the love of the Muhammad (S) house hold. 19
20-
(لا تَدَعُوا العَمَلَ الصّالِحَ وَالاِجتِهادَ فی العِبادَةِ اتِّکا لاِّعَلی حُبَّ آلِ مُحَمَّدٍ (ص)
. (بحارالانوار ج78 ص347)
21. Be careful of greed & jealousy, since, these (vices) have perished the previous nations. And beware of stinginess because it is a calamity which will not be found in a free man & a faithful.
This (vice) is against & controversial to faith. 20
21-
اِیّاکُم وَالحِرصَ وَالحَسَدَ فَاِنَّهُا اَهلَکا الأُمَمَ السّالِفَةَ، وَاِیّاکُم وَالبُخلَ فَاِنَّها عاهَةٌ لا تَکُونُ فِی حُرٍّ وَلا مُؤمِنٍ، اِنَّها خِلافُ الإیِمان
. (بحارالانوار ج78 ص346)
22. Silence is a door among the doors of wisdom. Indeed, silence begets & attracts love it is the proof of all the beneficence’s.21
22-
اَلصَّمتُ بابٌ مِن اَبوابِ الحِکمَةِ،اِنَّ لصَّمتَ یُکسِبُ المَحَبَّةَ، اِنَّهُ دَلیلٌ عَلی کُلِّ خَیرٍ
. (بحارالانوار ج78 ص335)
23. Behave with the friend humbly & with the enemy carefully & the general people, with smiling & blooming face. 22
23-
إِصحَب... الصَّدیقَ بِالتَّواضُعِ،وَالعَدُوَّ بِالتَّحَرُّزِ، وَالعامَّةَ بِالبِشرِ
. (بحارالانوار ج78 ص355)
24. Allah dislikes futile (useless) talk & squandering the wealth & much begging (asking things). 23
24-
اِنَّ اللهَ یبقضُ القِیلَ وَالقالَ وَاِضاعَةَ المالِ وَکَثرَة السُّئوالِ
. (بحارالانوار ج78 ص335)
25. The miser does not have any comfort & so does the jealous not have any joy & felicity & the (kings) (rulers) do not have faithfulness & trust worthiness & the liar does not have any manhood (forbearance). 24
25-
لَیسَ لِبَخیلٍ راحَةٌ. وَلا لِحَسُودٍ لَذَّةُ وَلا لِمُلُوکٍ وَفاءٌ، وَلا لِکَذُوبٍ مُرُوَّةُ
. (بحارالانوار ج78 ص345)
26. The secret & cause of service’s (prayers) is that prayer is the confession of the lordship of Allah & negating all kinds of partners & plurality for him. And standing before the omnipotent, with humility, humbleness, & the confession (of sins) & begging forgiveness of the previous sins. And placing the face on dust five times a day as (sign of) honoring & confession of His greatness. And service’s (prayers) is the cause of remembering Him & taking distance from the arrogance & neglectfulness. Prayers become the cause of humility, submissiveness & humbleness (toward Allah) & the eagerness, heedfulness & enthusiasm regarding the desire of enhancement of material & spiritual progress (both in the world & here after). Moreover, prayers makes a man engaged constantly in the remembrance of Allah both day & night so that he must not forget his lord, master, Administrator & creator, since, forgetfulness will become the cause of rebel ion. Man while offering prayer stays in the presence of his lord & in the state of His remembrance & this very condition constrains & stops him from sins and constrains & refrains him from many kinds of corruptions. 25
26-
عِلَّةُ الصَّلاةِ اَنَّها اِقرارٌ بِالُّربُوبِیَّةِ لِلّهِ عَزَّوَجَلَّ، وَخَلعُ الأَندادِ، وَقِیامٌ بَینَ یَدَی الجَبّارِ جَلَّ لَهُ بِالذُّلِّ وَالمَسکَنَةِ وَالخُضُوعِ وَالاِعتِرافِ، وَالطَّلَبُ لِلاِقالَةِ مِن سالِفِ الذُّنُوبِ ،وَوَضعُ الوَجهَ عَلَی الاَرضِ کُلَّ یَومٍ خَمسَ مَرّاتٍ اعظاماً لِلّهِ عَزَّوَجَلَّ،وَأَن یَکُونَ ذاکِراً غَیرَ ناسٍ وَلا بَطِرٍ، وَیَکُونَ خاشِعاً مُتَذَلَّلاً راغِباً طالِباً لِلزِّیادَةِ فی الدِّینِ وَالدُّنیا مَعَ ما فِیهِ مِنَ الاِنزِجارِ وَالمُداوَمَةِ عَلی ذِکر اللهِ عَزَّوَجَلَّ بِاللَّیلِ وَالنَّهارِلِئَلاَّیَنسی العَبدُ سَیِّدَةُ وَمُدَبِّرَهُ وَخَالِقَهُ فَیَبطَرَ وَیَطغی وَیَکُون فی ذِکرِهِ لِرَبِّهِ وَقِیامِهِ بَینَ یَدَیهِ زاجِراً لَهُ مِنَ المَعاصِی وَمائعاً مِن اَنواعِ الفَسادِ
. (بحارالانوار ج82 ص261)
27. And parsimony & avarice makes the honor (of man) spotted (dishonors & disgraces him) & the love of (worldly materials) causes grief’s & involvements in problems. And the best & most value able of virtues is doing good (to others) & providing shelter & refuge to those afflicted & fulfilling the hope of the person having hope from you. 26
27-
... وَالبُخلُ یُمَزِّقُ العِرضَ، وَالحُبُّ داعِی المَکارِهِ، وَأَجَلُّ الخَلائِقِ وَاَکرَمُها اصطِناعُ المَعرُوفِ، وَاِغاثَةُ المَلهُوفِ، وَتَحقِیقُ اَمَلِ الآمِلِ
. (بحارالانوار ج78 ص357)
28. Do not acquire & adopt the company of drinker & do not salute him. 27
28-
لا تُجالِس شارِبَ الخَمرِ وَلا تُسَلِّم عَلَیهِ
. (بحارالانوار ج66 ص491)
29. Allah forbade the drinking of wine, since, it causes corruption, disturbance, & intoxication of the minds of its drinker & this becomes the cause of his refusing & denying of Allah & uttering obnoxious language about HIM & His Prophets. And becomes the cause of all the sins including murdering & accusing falsely chaste woman of adultery & committing adultery & lessening of abstinence & refraining from forbidden deeds (sins). So this is the reason of it that all the drinks which intoxicate are prohibited & forbidden. Since these drinks too have the same negative results which the wine has got. 28
29-
حَرَّمَ اللهُ الخَمرَ لِما فیما مِنَ الفَسادِ وَمِن تَغییرِ عُقُولِ شارِبِیها وَحَملِها اِیّاهُم عَلی اِنکارِ اللهِ عَزَّوَجَلَّ وَالِفریَةِ عَلَیهِ وَعَلی رُسُلِهِ وَسایِرِ ما یَکُونُ مِنهُم مِنَ الفِسادِ وَالقَتلِ وَالقَذفِ وَالزِّنا وَقِلَّةِ الاِ حتِجازِ مِن شَیءٍ مِنَ المَحارِمِ فَبِذلِکَ قَضَینا عَلی کُلِّ مُسکِرٍمِنَ الأَشرِبَةِ أَنَّهُ حَرامٌ مُحَرَّمٌ لِاَنَّهُ یَأتِی مِن عاقِبَتِها ما یَأتی مِن عاقِبَةِ الخَمرِ...
(وسائل الشیعة ج17 ص262)
30. Seven things short of seven other things are making (as if) a mockery. The one who repents through his tongue but he is not ashamed at his heart, has cut a joke with himself. And the one who asks Allah succor &does not put in effort has mocked himself. And the person who asks for foresightedness &does not be careful so he has made a mockery with himself. And the one who asks paradise from Allah &does not be patient over the hardships & calamities has made a fun of himself. And the man who ask the refuge of Allah from hell fire & does not abandon the lusts of the world has made a joke with himself. And the one who exercises remembrance of Allah does not get prepared set his foot ahead towards meeting HIM has cut a joke with himself. 29
30-
سَبعَةُ أشیاءٍ بِغَیرِ سَبعَةِ أَشیاءٍ مِنَ الإستِهزاءِ:مَنِ استَغفَرَ بِلِسانِهِ وَلَم یَندَم بِقَلبِهِ فَقَدِ استَهزَأ بِنَفسِهِ. وَمَن سَألَ اللهَ التّوفیقَ وَلَم یَجتَهِد فَقَدِ استَهزَأ بِنَفسِهِ. وَمَنِ استَحزَمَ وَلَم یَحذَر فَقَدِ استَهزَأ بِنَفسِهِ.وَمَن سَأَلَ اللهَ الجَنَّةَ وَلَم یَصبِر عَلَی الشّدائِدِ فَقَدِ استَهزَأ بِنَفسِهِ. وَمَن تَعَوَّذَ بِاللهِ مِن النّارِ وَلَم یَترُک شَهَواتِ الدُّنیا فَقَدِ استَهزَأ بِنَفسِهِ. وَمَن ذَکَرَ اللهَ وَلَم یَستَبِق إِلی لِقائِهِ فَقَدِ استَهزَأَ بِنَفسِهِ
. (بحارالانوار ج78 ص356)
31. Get connected to your kinship although it may be means of a drinking water. And the supreme &superb kind of connecting with the kinship is to avoid annoying them. 30
31-
صِل رَحِمَکَ وَلَو بِشربَةٍ مِن ماءٍ،وَ اَفضَلُ ماتُوصَلُ بِهِ الرَّحِم کَفُّ الاَذی عَنها
. (بحارالانوار ج78 ص338)
32. Give alms although with a small amount of a thing because indeed all that is intended for the sake of Allah; although those may be meagre & small yet becomes great,& magnanimous by virtue of the righteousness & purity of intention. 31
32-
تَصَدَّق بِالشَّیء وَاِن قلَّ،فَاِنَّ کُلَّ شَیءِ یُرادُ بِهِ اللهُ، وَاِن قلَّ بَعدَ اَن تصدُقَ النِّبَیَّةُ فِیهِ عَظیمٌ...
(وسائل الشیعة ج1 ص87)
33. The one who happens to meet a poor Muslim & salutes him against the way he salutes a wealthy person shall meet Allah on the resurrection day in a way that He will be angry with him. 32
33-
مَن لِقیَ فَقِیراً مُسلِماً فَسَلَّمَ عَلَیهِ خِلافَ سَلامِهِ عَلی الغَنیِّ لَقِیَ اللهَ عَزَّوَجَلَّ یَومَ القِیامَةِ وَهُوَ عَلَیهِ غَضبانٌ
. (وسائل الشیعة ج8 ص442)
34. Meet & see each other so that you get friendlier with each other. 33
34-
تَزَاوَرُوا تَحَابُّوا....
(بحارالانوار ج78 ص347)
35. The one who repents upon the sins is like the one who does not have a sin. 34
35-
اَلتَّائِبُ مِنَ الذَّنبِ کَمَن لا ذَنبَ لَهُ
. (بحارالانوار ج6 ص21)
36. Cleanliness is from the morality & character of Prophets. 35
36-
مِن أَخلاقِ الأَنبِیاءِ التَّنَظُّفُ
. (بحارالانوار ج780 ص335)
37. The best wealth is the one by which the honor of man is protected. 36
37-
اَفضَلُ المالِ ما وُقیَ بِهِ العِرضُ
. (بحارالانوارج78 ص352)
38. The weapon of the Prophets is essential for you. When asked 'What is the weapon of Prophets'. He said 'supplication!' 37
38-
عَلَیکُم بِسِلاحِ الأَنبِیاءِ«فَقِیلَ:وَماسِلاحُ الأَنبِیاءِ؟» قالَ:الدُّعاءُ
. (اصول الکافی ج2 ص468)
39. Be the mercy of Allah upon you, know it that Allah has forbidden all (forms of) gambling & ordained the servants to avoid it & named it dirt (contamination) (in His Book, Quran).
And said, 'The dirt (filth) is the activity of satan so avoid it. Such as playing with chess & Back gammons & other forms of gambling. And backgammons is worse than chess. 38
39-
وَاعلَم یَرحَمُکَ اللهُ تَبارَکَ وَتَعالی نَهی عَن جَمیِعِ القِمارِ وَاَمَرَ العِبادَ بِالاِجتِنابِ مِنها وَسَمّاها رِجساً فَقالَ«رِجسٌ مِن عَمَلِ الشَّیطانِ فَاجتَنِبُوهُ» مِثلُ اللَّعبِ بِالشَّطرَنجِ وَالنَّردِ وَغَیرِهِما مِنَ القمارِ وَالنَّردُ اَشَرُّمِنَ الشَّطرَنجِ
. (متدرک الوسائل ج2 ص436)
40. The superior most mind is the man's recognition of his self. 39
40-
أَفضَلُ العَقلِ مَعرِفَةُ الإنسانِ نَفسَهُ
. (بحارالانوار ج78 ص352)
1. Wasail ul-Shia, Vol. 18, P 557
2. Bihar ul-Anwar Vol. 78, P 338
3. Bihar ul-Anwar Vol. 78, P 338
4. Tuhaf al-Uqul P422
5. Bihar ul-Anwar Vol. 92, P 14
6. Bihar ul-Anwar Vol. 92, P 117
7. Usool al-Kafi , Vol. 1 , P 200
8. Bihar ul-Anwar Vol. 75, P 374
9. Wasail ul-Shia, Vol. 18, P 102
10. Usool al-Kafi. Vol. 2, P 241
11. Bihar ul-Anwar Vol. 78, P 336
12. Bihar ul-Anwar Vol. 78, P 352
13. Tuhful-Aqool, P 445
14. Aoyun Akhbar Ur Reza (as) Vol. 2, P 127
15. Bihar ul-Anwar Vol. 78, P 336
16. Bihar ul-Anwar Vol. 96, P 370
17. Ayan Akhbar Er Reza, Vol. 2, P 109, Alhayat Vol. I. P 233
18. Ayan Akhbar Er Reza Vol. 1, P 258)
19. Bihar ul-Anwar Vol. 78. P 347
20. Bihar ul-Anwar Vol. 78. P 346
21. Bihar ul-Anwar Vol. 78. P 335
22. Bihar ul-Anwar Vol. 78, P 355
23. Bihar ul-Anwar Vol. 78. P 335
24. Bihar ul-Anwar Vol. 78. P 345
25. Bihar ul-Anwar Vol. 82, P 261
26. Bihar ul-Anwar Vol. 78, P 375
27. Bihar ul-Anwar Vol. 66, P 491
28. Wasail ush-Shia, Vol. 17, P 22
29. Bihar ul-Anwar Vol. 78, P 356,
Note: Six objects have been mentioned here instead of seven.
30. Bihar ul-Anwar Vol. 78, P 338
31. Wasail ush-Shia, Vol. 1. P 87
32. Wasail ush-Shia, Vol. 8, P 442
33. Bihar ul-Anwar Vol. 78, P 347
34. Bihar ul-Anwar Vol. 6, P 21
35. Bihar ul-Anwar Vol. 78, P 335
36. Bihar ul-Anwar Vol. 78, P 352
37. Usool al-Kafi, Vol. 1, P 468
38. Mustadral Al Wasail Vol. 2, P 436
39. Bihar ul-Anwar Vol. 78, P 352

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